It is associated with a small area in which the firm functions.
See other articles in PMC that cite the published article. Abstract This article is an empirical examination of the ways in which macro-level social forces have had micro-level consequences in the New Orleans drug market.
The article illustrates a clear connection between poverty and entrance into the drug market, as mitigated by race, lack of societal opportunity, lack of social capital, distressed families, and closed neighborhoods.
Specifically, the research illustrates the mechanisms by which macro-level social forces intersect to legitimize drug dealing as a viable alternative method of acquiring money and social capital.
These intersecting macro-level social forces, such as poverty, race, family structure, and neighborhood characteristics, ultimately constrain the life chances of those living in the inner city irrespective of personal traits, individual motivations, or private achievements.
New Orleans is in many ways a reflection of inner cities across America. The impact is strongest in poor communities but is particularly problematic in poor, minority communities like much of New Orleans.
New Orleans has experienced this decline, and has even faced significant new difficulties in the wake of Hurricane Katrina. This article examines the lives of New Orleans residents who are caught up in this macro-level syndrome.
Our findings suggest that illegal activities, both before and after Hurricane Katrina, are increasingly the only viable micro-level methods of acquiring money. Poverty and Race As much literature indicates, America's inner cities are inundated with problems that are interrelated in complex ways.
They contended that a high proportion of workers are in poorly paid full-time jobs, and that there is a strong association between low pay and national poverty rates. Not all poor individuals can earn their way out of poverty.
However, those who do not work are at even higher risk of life-long poverty. There is a high concentration of joblessness in inner cities. Wilson found that, in the inner city of the nation's largest cities inthere were only six working adults for every ten unemployed adults.
Thus, inner city neighborhoods contain many impoverished individuals, including those who work at low-paying jobs and those who are unemployed. Wilson argued that the problems of the inner city are a direct consequence of the disappearance of work.
He claims that job prospects for inner city workers have diminished because of the decreasing relative demand for low-skilled labor in America. Massey and Denton argued that African Americans occupy a uniquely disadvantaged position in American cities.
The reason is that African Americans are concentrated in inner cities due to intense segregation unlike that experienced by any other racial or ethnic groups past or present.
Stoll supported this argument, noting that significant job shortages are prevalent in African American communities. Combined, these factors greatly reduce employment opportunities for African Americans. Data on the unemployment rate among African Americans support these arguments because they generally experience higher risk of unemployment than other races.
New Orleans New Orleans is productive location to study the intersection of these two major macro-level social forces—poverty and race—due to the high percentage of people below the poverty level and the high concentration of African Americans in the area.
Census Bureau's American Community Survey found that the state of Louisiana had the highest percentage of people below the poverty level in Brookings Institute, ; and the metropolitan area unemployment rate is 6.
Those displaced by Hurricane Katrina face even more difficulties because the unemployment rate for displaced adults is approximately 4 times higher Compared to other cities with populations greater than , New Orleans ranked first in percentage of population living in poverty areas, second in portion of households headed by single women with children, and third in lowest median household income.
Understanding the level of poverty in New Orleans helps explain much of what occurred in the wake of Hurricane Katrina. In fact, on the day that the levees broke, the U.
Census Bureau released a report on poverty in the nation and reported that Orleans Parish had a poverty rate of What are the micro and macro environmental factors that have contributed to the early success of AirAsia?
4 2. Discuss the micro and macro factors that would affect AirAsia’s performance in the current competitive environment described in the case?
The environment which is not specific to a particular firm but can influence the working of all the business groups is known as Macro Environment.
The factors of the microenvironment affect the particular business only, but the macro environmental factors affect all the business entities. Discuss the micro and macro factors that would affect AirAsia's performance in the current competitive environment described in the case MACRO MICRO Rising fuel costs Global Financial Crisis Heavily regulated industry Open Skies agreement with Indonesia, .
Case: The ascendance of AirAsia 1. What is the macro and industry environment for new budget airlines in the Asia- Pacific region? What opportunities and challenges are associated with that environment? People in the Southeast Asian have low average incomes. What are the micro and macro environmental factors that have contributed to the early success of AirAsia?
4 2. Discuss the micro and macro factors that would affect AirAsia’s performance in the current competitive environment described in the case? 7 3.
1. What are the micro and the macro environmental factors that have contributed to the early success of AirAsia? Being the pioneer airline to introduce the “LCC (low-cost carriers)” concept in Asia, AirAsia showed a great ability in perceiving the market environment and turn it into opportunities.