Hundreds of thousands of Rohingya have fled Myanmar for Bangladesh, amidst serious allegations of genocide, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity. However, much of the commentary so far has been reductionist, flattening complex dynamics into a simple narrative of state oppression of a religious minority. Exploring this long-running tripartite conflict between the Rohingya, Rakhine and the Burman-led state, this book offers a new analysis of the complexities of the current crisis: The authors question these competing narratives, and examine the international dimensions of this intractable conflict, ultimately arguing that the central issue is a contestation over political inclusion and control over governance.
Rohingya insurgency in Western Burma and Rohingya Rakhine rohingya conflict analysis Sectarian clashes occur sporadically in Rakhine State, often between the Buddhist Rakhine people who are majority in the southern part, and Rohingya Muslims who are majority in the north.
The Burmese government classifies the Rohingya as "immigrants" to Burma despite being the first inhabitants of Arakan, and denied citizenship. Due to their lack of citizenship, they were previously subject to restrictions on government education, officially recognised marriages, and along with ethnic Rakhines, endured forced labour under the military government.
In addition, one of the accused actually was a Buddhist. The police arrested three suspects and sent them to Yanbye township jail. The government responded by appointing a minister and a senior police chief to head an investigation committee.
The committee was ordered to find out "cause and instigation of the incident" and to pursue legal action. Initial attacks[ edit ] Despite increased security measures, at 3: Telephone lines were also damaged.
However, three villages of southern Maungdaw were torched in early evening. An hour later, the rioters had a police outpost in Khayay Mying Village surrounded. The police fired warning shots to disperse them. Five people had been confirmed killed as of 8 June. Riots spread[ edit ] On the morning of 9 June, five army battalions arrived to reinforce the existing security forces.
Government set up refugee camps for those whose houses had been burned. Government reports stated that Relief and Resettlement Ministry and Ministry of Defense had distributed 3. However, Rakhine villagers from Buthidaung Township where 90 percent of people are Rohingya Muslims arrived at refugee camps after their houses had been razed by Muslims.
Soon after, soldiers took positions and anti-riot police patrolled in the township. The Muslim rioters marched to Sittwe and burned down three houses in Mingan quarter.
An official report stated that at least 7 people had been killed, one hostel, 17 shops and over houses had been destroyed as of 9 June.
State of emergency[ edit ] On 10 June, a state of emergency was declared across Rakhine. It instigated martial law, giving the military administrative control of the region.
To date at least 15 boats and up to 1, total refugees had been turned away. Thirty-seven camps across Rakhine housed the refugees.
Fatality figures update and arrest of UN workers[ edit ] As of 28 June, casualty figures were updated to 80 deaths and estimated 90, people were displaced and taking refuge in temporary camps according to official reports.
Rohingyas who fled to Bangladesh also claimed that the Burmese army and police shot groups of villagers after they started the riot. They stated they feared to return to Burma when Bangladesh rejected them as refugees and asked them to go back home. If this is not done Some of the photos were taken from natural disasters, such as pictures of Tibetan Buddhist monks cremating earthquake victims from the Yushu earthquakemislabeled as Burmese monks burning Muslims alive.
Only few hundred households were left in the ghetto-like Mingalar Ward where they are confined, officially due to security concerns. Thousands of Rohingya have fled Myanmar since then on overcrowded boats to Malaysia or further south, despite the dangers posed by rough seas.
Hundreds are believed to have died at sea in In May, nearly 60 Rohingyas went missing after their boat sank after hitting rocks as a cyclone approached the bay. In November, another boat carrying 70 Rohingyas fleeing sectarian violence capsized off the western coast of Myanmar.
Only eight survivors have been found. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information.The Rohingya people, who do not have citizenship rights from Myanmar or Bangladesh, are being persecuted by the Myanmar government and are in violent conflict with the Rakhine (5).
Thus, many Rohingya have fled due to being deprived of civil, economic, political and cultural rights.
Analysis on Myanmar/Burma: Rebuilding Rakhine State, repatriating the Rohingya (a product of the longstanding conflict between the government and the ethnic minorities around the country.
The Rohingya conflict is a series of violent clashes in northern Rakhine State, Myanmar (formerly known as Arakan, Burma). The conflict has been characterised by sectarian violence between the Rakhine Buddhist and Rohingya Muslim communities, attacks on Rohingya civilians by Myanmar's security forces, and armed clashes between insurgents and security forces in Buthidaung, Maungdaw, and.
Rakhine believe that violent attacks were caused by Rohingya’s attempts to control the land and economy of the region whereas Rohingya suppose that denial of citizenship, Rakhine’s nationalist attitude and discrimination yield conflict. Exploring this long-running tripartite conflict between the Rohingya, Rakhine and the Burman-led state, this book offers a new analysis of the complexities of the current crisis: the fears and motivations driving it and the competition to control historical representations and collective memory.
The Rakhine State riots were a series of conflicts primarily between ethnic Rakhine Buddhists and Rohingya Muslims in northern Rakhine State, Myanmar, though by October Muslims of all ethnicities had begun to be targeted.