In medieval Spain, ghazals were written in Hebrew as well as Arabic. An important writer of Hebrew ghazals, and one of its chief defenders, was Moses ibn Ezra Poems in the Arabic form have been written in a number of major West African literary languages like Hausa and Fulfulde. African practitioners of this type of poetry were as concerned with adapting the Arabic meters as they were with adopting the themes and formal structure of Arabic poetry.
German Hellenism[ edit ] The German term griechische Liebe "Greek love" appears in German literature between andalong with socratische Liebe "Socratic love" and platonische Liebe " Platonic love " in reference to male-male attractions.
Kylleniona novel about an explicitly male-male love affair in a Greek setting by Augustus, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg.
The Regency in England was an era characterized by hostility and a "frenzy of The philosopher Jeremy Benthamfor instance, appealed to social models of classical antiquity, such as the homoerotic bonds of the Theban Band and pederasty, to demonstrate how these relationships did not inherently erode heterosexual marriage or the family structure.
Religious and nationalist sentiments in England overall remained hostile. Sydenham regularly translated the word eromenos as "mistress", and "boy" often becomes "maiden" or "woman". To those such as Byron who were steeped in classical literature, the phrase "Greek love" evoked pederastic myths such as Ganymede and Hyacinthusas well as historical figures such as the political martyrs Harmodius and Aristogeitonand Hadrian 's beloved Antinous ; Byron refers to all these stories in his writings.
He was even more familiar with the classical tradition of male love in Latin literature, and quoted or translated homoerotic passages from CatullusHoraceVirgiland Petronius: His translation of the Symposium did not appear in complete form until John Tyrwhitt  warned against the perceived immorality of this agenda.
Tyrwhitt, who was a vigorous supporter of studying Greekcharacterized the Hellenism of his day as "the total denial of any moral restraint on any human impulses", and outlined what he saw as the proper scope of Greek influence on the education of young men.
He treats "Greek love" as central to Greek "aesthetic morality". Greek love is for modern studies of Plato no 'figure of speech' and no anachronism, but a present poignant reality.I feel I am a rather harsh reviewer so it has to be good for me to award five stars.
A Tale of Love and Darkness is quite wonderful and richly deserves high acclaim. The Death of the Moth. Moths that fly by day are not properly to be called moths; they do not excite that pleasant sense of dark autumn nights and ivy-blossom which the commonest yellow-underwing asleep in the shadow of the curtain never fails to rouse in us.
Divo Barsotti, C.F.D., The Optimism of Julian of Norwich: A Contemplative Essay on the 'Showings', The Julian of Norwich Website. A collection of scholarly works about individual liberty and free markets.
A project of Liberty Fund, Inc. Facsimile PDF MB This is a facsimile or image-based PDF made from scans of the original book. Kindle KB This is an E-book formatted for Amazon Kindle devices. EBook PDF KB This. Love is an enigma in that it unites humanity yet causes great confusion over the matter.
Nonetheless, one great book describes love in these graceful words, something that even the best research paper about love can’t do: “Love is kind, love is patient.
Love has evolved over the centuries, in the way people feel it and show it and so has the way poets have written about love. Over centuries history has changed the values of love and what it is from the French Revolution to the First World War.