Plot summary[ edit ] The Double centers on a government clerk who goes mad. It deals with the internal psychological struggle of its main character, Yakov Petrovich Golyadkin, who repeatedly encounters someone who is his exact double in appearance but confident, aggressive, and extroverted, characteristics that are the polar opposites to those of the toadying "pushover" protagonist.
Golyadkin is a titular councillor. This is rank 9 in the Table of Ranks established by Peter the Great. As rank eight led to hereditary nobility,  being a titular councillor is symbolic of a low-level bureaucrat still struggling to succeed.
Golyadkin has a formative discussion with his Doctor Rutenspitz, who fears for his sanity and tells him that his behavior is dangerously antisocial.
He prescribes "cheerful company" as the remedy. Golyadkin resolves to try this, and leaves the office. He proceeds to a birthday party for Klara Olsufyevna, the daughter of his office manager. He was uninvited, and a series of faux pas lead to his expulsion from the party.
On his way home through a snowstormhe encounters his double, who looks exactly like him.
The following two thirds of the novel then deals with their evolving relationship. At first, Golyadkin Sr. At the story's conclusion, Golyadkin Sr.
Vladimir Nabokov called it a parody of " The Overcoat ". Many others have emphasized the relationship between The Double and other of Gogol 's Petersburg Tales. Critical reception[ edit ] Double has been interpreted in a number of ways.
Looking backwards, it is viewed as Dostoevsky's innovation on Gogol. Looking forwards, it is often read as a psychosocial version of his later ethical-psychological works. One such element was that Dostoevsky switched the focus from Gogol 's social perspective in which the main characters are viewed and interpreted socially to a psychological context that gives the characters more emotional depth and internal motivation.
First, many have said that Golyadkin simply goes insane, probably with schizophrenia.
Second, many have focused on Golyadkin's search for identity. One critic wrote that The Double's main idea is that "'the human will in its search for total freedom of expression becomes a self-destructive impulse. While the majority of scholars have regarded it as somewhere from "too fragile to bear its significance"  to utterly unreadable, there have been two notable exceptions.
Dostoevsky wrote in A Writer's Diary that "Most decidedly, I did not succeed with that novel; however, its idea was rather lucid, and I have never expressed in my writings anything more serious. Still, as far as form was concerned, I failed utterly.At times, it seems obvious that the Double is a part of him and his mental disease, but at other moments in the novel (at the parties, at work, etc) it seems clear that the double is a seperate person with whom others in the book interact.
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Print Essay | Close Window. Dostoyevsky and the Problem of God Elissa Kiskaddon "Nothing is more seductive for man than his freedom of conscience. But nothing is a greater cause of suffering." The Brothers Karamazov, The Double is a novella written by Fyodor Dostoevsky.
It was first published on January 30, in the Fatherland Notes. It was subsequently revised and republished by Dostoevsky in Fyodor dostoevsky the double analysis essay.
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The Double (Russian: Двойник, Dvoynik) is a novella written by Fyodor webkandii.com was first published on January 30, in the Fatherland Notes. It was subsequently revised and republished by Dostoevsky in