Properties and bonding patterns of carbon atoms. Similarly, the charcoal briquettes on your barbeque are made out of carbon, and even the diamonds in a ring or necklace are a form of carbon in this case, one that has been exposed to high temperature and pressure.
In the following descriptions of the various products, text shown in "comic"-style type is quoted verbatim from a manufacturer's or sales Web page, with any excisions noted. Some of these pages may no longer be current; I would appreciate being notified about any substantive change in content.
Portions of these text excerpts that I consider to be scientifically meaningless, absurd, incorrect, or misleading, or for which no credible evidence is available, are written in "purple prose". Not surprisingly, the promoters and vendors of these dubious products tend to come and go often, it appears, in the middle of the night!
The answer is that when applied to water, it's nothing but marketing hokum!
See also our Energized Water debunking page. The Spin Doctor and the Bogus Energy Scale This guy who bills himself as "The Water Doctor" brings you a wealth of incredible products promising the usual medicine-show array of wonderful-sounding but ill-defined health benefits which are sure to be experienced by those who are in the right frame of mind.
The earlier nostrum was apparently based on the fiction that atoms and molecules can be made to "spin" to the right or to the left hey, doesn't this depend on the direction from which you are looking at them?
How these magical properties are imparted to the water is not explained, but people who are sufficiently credulous to fall for this stuff are seldom inclined to ask. To make this even more [pseudo]scientific, he spins up more nonsense relating to positive and negative electrical charge using a scheme of measurement unknown to legitimate science: The Bovis Scale, developed by a French physicist, quantifies or measures how positively or negatively charged a substance is.
For living organisms, the key reference point on the scale is found at 6, Bovis Energy Units.
The desired minimal energy level for humans is found between 8, to 10, Bovis Energy Units, or slightly positive. The Earth itself creates energy in the 7, to 18, range. This energy is also referred to as "Biophotons", which are light particles invisible to our eyes.
This positive radiation is necessary to the maintenance of life on Earth. We are then fed the following untruth: Scientists have discovered a direct correlation between the Bovis Scale and the direction of spin displayed by an atom or molecule.
Atoms registering in the negative Bovis range will spin to the right, or clockwise. Atoms in the positive range spin in the opposite direction, to the left.
Examples found in nature of this spin property include our cellular DNA, which is in a left-turning spiral. In contrast, cancer cells are in a right-turning spin. Amazing that these spin doctors should have stumbled onto an aspect of cancer that has eluded thousands of real scientists, but bunk knows no bounds!
But it doesn't stop there; this magical water can transfer its energy to other water that happens to be nearby, or so they say in an effort to get you into the mood of offering up your credit card for worthless products such as the following: When any substance is placed in or on [this device], the "energy information" is transferred from the water between the [its] double walls to the water in the new liquid or solid.
All electrons in the substance take on a positive left spin. Their free radical nature is virtually eliminated!In chemistry, an ester is a chemical compound derived from an acid (organic or inorganic) in which at least one –OH (hydroxyl) group is replaced by an –O–alkyl group.
Usually, esters are derived from a carboxylic acid and an alcohol. Glycerides, which are fatty acid esters of glycerol, are important esters in biology, being one of the main classes of lipids, and making up the bulk of. Discuss Why Hydrogen Bonding Is Essential for Life.
Throughout biochemistry there are many bonds without which life as it is on earth today would not be possible. One of the most important bonds of these is the hydrogen bond, a . Hydrogen bonding is important because it is crucial to all life on Earth..
Here are three reasons why hydrogen bonding is important. 1. The structure of DNA. DNA has a double-helix structure because hydrogen bonds hold together the base pairs in the middle. Without hydrogen bonds, DNA would have to exist as a different structure.
Hydrogen bonding is important in many chemical processes.
Hydrogen bonding is responsible for water's unique solvent capabilities. Hydrogen bonds hold complementary strands of DNA together, and they are responsible for determining the three-dimensional structure of folded proteins including enzymes and antibodies. Chemical bonds hold molecules together and create temporary connections that are essential to life.
Types of chemical bonds including covalent, ionic, and hydrogen bonds and London dispersion forces. A hydrogen bond, however, is comparatively weak to covalent or ionic bond, as much as 22 times time weaker [Libes ], so in order to explain why hydrogen bonds are so necessary in life it is perhaps not significant that hydrogen bonds are weak on their own, since the majority of their use within strong structures is facilitated by their strength as .